For different reasons, I want Visual Studio 2010 to always run as an administrator on my Windows Server 2008 R2 machine (that has UAC enabled). Therefore, I have the “Run as administrator” checkbox checked on the Compatibility tab of Windows Explorer’s Properties dialog for devenv.exe:
This causes Windows to always show me the UAC prompt when I run Visual Studio 2010:
Unfortunately, it also causes double clicking solution files in Explorer to stop working.
The reason is that Visual Studio associates .sln files with a special program, called VSLauncher.exe, which inspects the solution file in order to decide what version of Visual Studio to open it with. This enables side-by-side installation of different versions of Visual Studio to run correctly. When VSLauncher.exe is executed by Windows Explorer because I double-clicked a solution file, it is run with normal privileges, and is therefore not permitted to run devenv.exe, which requires elevation. VSLauncher thus silently fails.
The obvious solution is to also check “Run as administrator” for VSLauncher.exe, which, in my case, is located in “C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\microsoft shared\MSEnv”.
And, of course, the obvious solution doesn’t work. Any more.
With my installation, it used to work just fine, but with installing SP1 for Visual Studio 2010, or maybe even earlier, Windows somehow started to ignore my “Run as administrator” checkbox, and VSLauncher.exe would silently fail again.
After some research, I found that the reason for Windows ignoring my compatibility setting was that VSLauncher.exe now had a manifest embedded, which contained the following fragment:
<requestedExecutionLevel level="asInvoker" uiAccess="false">
So, VSLauncher.exe now specified that it always wanted to be run at the same execution level as its invoker. And, since of course the program must know better than the user, this caused Windows to ignore my own execution level setting.
And now, to the solution. Since Windows wouldn’t let me override what the program said it wanted, I needed to override what the program said it wanted.
To do that, I used the Manifest Tool that comes with the Windows SDK (and thus with Visual Studio):
mt -inputresource:"VSLauncher.exe" -out:VSLauncher.exe.manifest
This command extracted the manifest from VSLauncher.exe into a file called VSLauncher.exe.manifest. I then edited the manifest to request the desired execution level:
<requestedExecutionLevel level="requireAdministrator" uiAccess="false">
Then, I could write back the manifest:
mt -outputresource:VSLauncher.exe -manifest VSLauncher.exe.manifest
With the desired result:
One note of caution: Please make a backup copy of VSLauncher.exe before manipulating the manifest. And perform at your own risk.
This trick should also work with Windows 7, by the way.